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The Administrative Court Museum
The Administrative Court Museum

                    The information about the establishment of the Administrative Court featured in the Administrative Court Museum is divided into three parts: The background of the Administrative Court, the evolution of the administrative disputes agency, and the origin of the Administrative Court.

            Concept of design: Engraving is the main technique used to tell the background story of the Administrative Court. Engraving techniques include stone carving, etching, sand blasting, heat treatment and laser cutting. Stone, metal and mirror are used as base materials to symbolize changes over time and the evolution from one period to another.

Graphic animation on carved limestone wall

Part I: Background of the Administrative Court

            In the old days, there was no specific agency to adjudicate administrative disputes. The complaints of aggrieved subjects varied in each period. In the reign of King Ramkhamhaeng, a petition was lodged by ringing a bell set up for the purpose. In the Ayuddhaya period, petitions were submitted to landed aristocrats who had authority over the area in which the aggrieved party was resident. In the reign of King Rama III, a complaint was filed by beating a drum in front of the Royal Palace (Drum of Adjudication or Winitchayapheri). In the reign of King Rama IV and King Rama V, a petition could be directly lodged with the King.
 
 
Model of Buddha image of the Administrative Court
 
Model of the Buddha image of the Administrative Court which was named “Phra Buddha Maha Karuna Prachanat” by His majesty the King in 2010.

        History and royal mandate of councilors of State on touch screen monitor and 12 animated photo frames of
Councilors of State during the reign of King Rama V

          This section presents animated photos of Councilors of State drawn from 12 royal families and aristocrats.

Organizational structure and functions of the Council of State and the procedure of petition

Part II: Evolution of Administrative Disputes Agency

            After the reign of King Rama V, an agency to handle administrative disputes gradually developed as follows:

B.E. 2475 (1932) – After the reforms, the government led by Luang Praditmanutham (Mr. Pridi Banomyong) pushed for the establishment of an agency to try and adjudicate administrative cases or administrative disputes between State and private individuals. The model was equivalent to the Council of State.
          
         B.E. 2476 (1933) – the Council of State Act B.E. 2476 (1933) established the Council of State which was comprised of two committees: A law drafting committee and Councilors of State in charge of trying and adjudicating administrative cases as prescribed by law. However, there was no enactment of laws empowering the Council of State to try and adjudicate administrative cases.
 
         B.E. 2477 (1934) – The first Petition Committee was set up.
           
B.E. 2487 (1944) – Regulations on the power, duties and procedures of the Petition Committee were promulgated.
 
         B.E. 2492 (1949) – The Petition Act B.E. 2492 was enacted. The Petition Committee took charge of considering petitions submitted by aggrieved subjects relating to actions of State authorities.
 
         B.E. 2522 (1979) – The Council of State Act B.E. 2522 was enacted. This Act established the Council of State which was made up of two committees: A law drafting committee and a petition committee which was empowered to try and adjudicate petitions (administrative cases) and to educate Thai society on the principles of administrative law in preparation for the establishment of the Administrative Court. The unique feature of administrative case proceedings of the Petition Committee was the application of the inquisitorial system. Proceedings are conducted on the French model of “Conseil d’Etat”. The Petition Committee became the prototype of the Administrative Court of Thailand.

 

       
Digital photo frames on touch screen monitors illustrate the activities of the Administrative Court as well as the profiles of significant figures
involved in the establishment of the Administrative Court in Thailand.
Prof. Dr. Pridi Banomyong – An important figure who laid the foundation of the Administrative Court in Thailand.
Prof. Dr. Amorn Chandara-Somboon – Another important figure who developed the pattern of administrative case procedure.
            Prof. Dr. Ackaratorn Chularat – The first President of the Supreme Administrative Court.
 
 
  
            The desired Administrative Disputes Organ became into being when the Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand, B.E. 2540 prescribed the establishment of the Administrative Court distinct from other Courts. Later, the Act on Establishment of Administrative Court and Administrative Court Procedure, B.E. 2542 was promulgated and came into force on 11 October 1999.
            The Administrative Court was inaugurated on 9 March 2001 at its temporary premises in the Empire Tower Building, South Sathorn Road. On 14 July 2008, the court was relocated to its permanent premises on Chaengwattana Road. The establishment of the Administrative Court in Thailand provides a judicial organ in charge of trying and adjudicating administrative cases and rendering justice for Thai society. Administrative judges perform the duty under His Majesty’s Royal signature. Prior to the assumption of their posts, administrative judges are given royal permission to have an audience with His Majesty the King in order to swear oaths.

 

Administrative Court photos on Touch screen monitor

 

The Administrative Court is divided into two levels: the Supreme Administrative Court and the Administrative Court of First Instance comprising the Central Administrative Court and nine Regional Administrative Courts.
 

 

LED projector displaying images on mirror wall

The Administrative Court’s mission for society. The Adminstrative Courtnot only tries and adjudicates administrative cases. It also issues significant decisions which become precedents and directives for public administration. The Office of the Administrative Courts also disseminates information to the people about the Administrative Court through training programs for government officials and community leaders and utilizes other types of media for a wider dissemination of such knowledge.

 


         

Video wall illustrating cooperation
between the Administrative Court and foreign countries
The Administrative Court engages in international cooperation with many countries in order to develop administrative law and public law, develop human resources and help create international standards in administrative case adjudication. The Court has technical cooperation agreements with many countries such as the Republic of France, the Republic of Finland, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Commonwealth of Australia, the United States of America, the Republic of Turkey, the Italian Republic, the People’s Republic of China and Japan.

 

         

 After finishing the museum tour, visitors can take souvenir photos with the Administrative Court Museum as a background and send it via email to friends.

 

 

 





Modified date : 3 Jun. 2014 | Top Up |



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